Abour Public Administration Optional

The subject basically gives you an idea about government mechanism. As future administrators, you should have this knowledge. The subject is generally regarded as easy and simple to understand. There is ample study material for public Administration. The questions are generally straightforward. There is a lot of overlap with the general studies papers. Studying this subject will help you even in the essay paper and in your IAS interview.

Public administration overlaps with General Studies:

• Public administration covers almost 60% of the GS papers.

• General studies paper II – topics overlap with public administration:

 Governance Indian constitution – evolution, features,amendments, etc.
 Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States
 Separation of powers between various organs
 Dispute Redressal Mechanisms and institutions
 Parliament and State Legislatures Structure, organisation and functioning of
 the Executive and Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government
 Constitutional, statutory, regulatory and quasi-judicial bodies
 Government policies and interventions for development in different sectors
 Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections
 Issues relating to poverty and hunger
 Aspects of governance, transparency and accountability
 E-governance
 Role of civil services in a democracy

• General studies paper III – topics overlap with public administration:

 Disaster Management, Planning and Budgeting
 Planning issues Inclusive growth
 Government budgeting Environment Disaster management
 Challenges to internal security through communication networks
 Role of media and social networking
 sites in internal security
 Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

• General studies paper IV (Ethics) – topics related to public administration: Ethics and Human Interface

 Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion

• There will mostly be an essay topic from ‘Polity, Governance and Democracy’.


1. More than 200 hr lecture
2. More than 100 class of 2 hour each
3. 5 day class every week
4. Test on every Sunday
5. 5 month course
6. Comprehensive study material
7. First 5 class free
8. Class start with theory of Public administration

About Deepak Swain (Public Administration Faculty)

An alumni of Indian Law Institute (New Delhi), having long experience in the field of civil service. He is the author of Public Administration book for Arihant Publication. He score more than 65% in civil service main in public administration.

 Public Acministration

Administrative Theory

1. Introduction:

Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration; Wilson’s vision of Public Administration; Evolution of the discipline and its present status; New Public Administration; Public Choice approach; Challenges of liberalization, Privatisation, Globalisation; Good Governance: concept and application; New Public Management.

2. Administrative Thought:

Scientific Management and Scientific Management movement; Classical Theory; Weber’s bureaucratic model – its critique and post-Weberian Developments; Dynamic Administration (Mary Parker Follett); Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and others); Functions of the Executive (C.I.Barnard); Simon’s decision-making theory; Participative Management (R. Likert, C.Argyris, D. McGregor).

3. Administrative Behaviour:

Process and techniques of decision-making; Communication; Morale; Motivation Theories – content, process and contemporary; Theories of Leadership: Traditional and Modern.

4. Organisations:

Theories – systems, contingency; Structure and forms: Ministries and Departments, Corporations, Companies, Boards and Commissions; Ad hoc and advisory bodies; Headquarters and Field relationships; Regulatory Authorities; Public – Private Partnerships.

5. Accountability and control:

Concepts of accountability and control; Legislative, Executive and Judicial control over administration; Citizen and Administration; Role of media, interest groups, voluntary organizations; Civil society; Citizen’s Charters; Right to Information; Social audit.

6. Administrative Law:

Meaning, scope and significance; Dicey on Administrative law; Delegated legislation; Administrative Tribunals.

7. Comparative Public Administration:

Historical and sociological factors affecting administrative systems; Administration and politics in different countries; Current status of Comparative Public Administration; Ecology and administration; Riggsian models and their critique.

8. Development Dynamics:

Concept of development; Changing profile of development administration; ‘Antidevelopment thesis’; Bureaucracy and development; Strong state versus the market debate; Impact of liberalisation on administration in developing countries; Women and development - the self-help group movement.

9. Personnel Administration:

Importance of human resource development; Recruitment, training, career advancement, position classification, discipline, performance appraisal, promotion, pay and service conditions; employer-employee relations, grievance redressal mechanism; Code of conduct; Administrative ethics.

10. Public Policy:

Models of policy-making and their critique; Processes of conceptualisation, planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and review and their limitations; State theories and public policy formulation.

11. Techniques of Administrative Improvement:

Organisation and methods, Work study and work management; e-governance and information technology; Management aid tools like network analysis, MIS, PERT, CPM.

12. Financial Administration:

Monetary and fiscal policies; Public borrowings and public debt Budgets - types

and forms; Budgetary process; Financial accountability; Accounts and audit.

Indian Administration

1. Evolution of Indian Administration:

Kautilya’s Arthashastra; Mughal administration; Legacy of British rule in politics and administration - Indianization of public services, revenue administration, district administration, local self-government.

2. Philosophical and Constitutional framework of government: Salient features and value premises; Constitutionalism; Political culture; Bureaucracy and democracy; Bureaucracy and development.

3. Public Sector Undertakings:

Public sector in modern India; Forms of Public Sector Undertakings; Problems of autonomy, accountability and control; Impact of liberalization and privatization.

4. Union Government and Administration:

Executive, Parliament, Judiciary - structure, functions, work processes; Recent trends; Intragovernmental relations; Cabinet Secretariat; Prime Minister’s Office; Central Secretariat; Ministries and Departments; Boards; Commissions; Attached offices; Field organizations.

5. Plans and Priorities:

Machinery of planning; Role, composition and functions of the Planning Commission and the National Development Council; ‘Indicative’ planning; Process of plan formulation at Union and State levels; Constitutional Amendments (1992) and decentralized planning for economic development and social justice.

6. State Government and Administration:

Union-State administrative, legislative and financial relations; Role of the Finance Commission; Governor; Chief Minister; Council of Ministers; Chief Secretary; State Secretariat; Directorates.

7. District Administration since Independence:

Changing role of the Collector; Unionstate-local relations; Imperatives of development management and law and order administration; District administration and democratic decentralization.

8. Civil Services:

Constitutional position; Structure, recruitment, training and capacity-building; Good governance initiatives; Code of conduct and discipline; Staff associations; Political rights; Grievance redressal mechanism; Civil service neutrality; Civil service activism.

9. Financial Management:

Budget as a political instrument; Parliamentary control of public expenditure; Role of finance ministry in monetary and fiscal area; Accounting techniques; Audit; Role of Controller General of Accounts and Comptroller and Auditor General of India.

10. Administrative Reforms since Independence:

Major concerns; Important Committees and Commissions; Reforms in financial management and human resource development; Problems of implementation.

11. Rural Development:

Institutions and agencies since independence; Rural development programmes:

foci and strategies; Decentralization and Panchayati Raj; 73rd Constitutional amendment.

12. Urban Local Government:

Municipal governance: main features, structures, finance and problem areas; 74th Constitutional Amendment; Globallocal debate; New localism; Development dynamics, politics and administration with special reference to city management.

13. Law and Order Administration:

British legacy; National Police Commission; Investigative agencies; Role of central and state agencies including paramilitary forces in maintenance of law and order and countering insurgency and terrorism; Criminalisation of politics and administration; Police-public relations; Reforms in Police.

14. Significant issues in Indian Administration:

Values in public service; Regulatory Commissions; National Human Rights Commission; Problems of administration in coalition regimes; Citizen-administration interface; Corruption and administration; Disaster management.

Recommended Book List For Public Administration


Chapter-I: Introduction Mohit Bhattacharya: New Horizons of Public Administration Nicholas Henry : Public Administration and Public Affairs Special Issues of Indian Journal of Public Administration Chapter-II: Theories of Administration D. Ravindra Prasad, V.S. Prasad and P. Satyanarayana : Administrative Thinkers D. Gvishiani Organisation and Management: A Critique of Western Theories. Chapter-III: Structure of Public Organisations : R.K. Jain : Public Sector Undertakings; and Mohit Bhattacharya : New Horizons of Public Administration Chapter-IV: Administrative Behaviour Paul Hersey : Organisational Behaviour OR Stephen P. Robbin : Organisational Behaviour Chapter-V: Accountability and Control: Mohit Bhattacharya : New Horizons of Public Administration Special Issues of Indian Journal of Public Administration on Accountability Chapter-VI: Administrative Law: Massey :Administrative Law OR M.P. Jain :Administrative Law Chapter-VII: Administrative Reforms: P.R. Dubbashi : Administrative Reforms G.E. Gaiden :Administrative Reforms Chapter-VIII: Comparative Public Administration: Ferrel Heady : Public Administration-A Comparative Perspective OR R.K. Arora : Comparative Public Administration Chapter-IX: Development Administration: Ferrel Heady : Public Administration - A Comparative Perspective OR R.K. Arora : Comparative Public Administration Chapter-X: Public Policy : IGNOU Lessons on Public Policy R. K. Sapra : Public Policy Chapter-XI: Personnel Administration: O Glenn :Stahl : Public Personnel Administration S. L. Goel : Personnel Administration in India. Chapter-XII: Financial Administration M. J. K. Thavaraj :Public Financial Administration OR G.S. Lal :Financial Administration in India IGNOU Lessons on Financial Administration


Chapter-I: Evolution of Indian Administration B.N. Puri Administrative History of India (Vol. I, II and III) Chapter-II: Constitutional Framework D. D. Basu An Introduction to the Constitution of India Chapter-III: Union Government and Administration A. Avasthi Central Administration Chapter-IV: State Government and Administration J.D. Shukla State Administration Chapter-V: District Administration T.N. Chaturvedi District Administration; and Special Issue of Indian Journal of Public Administration on District Administration Chapter-VI: Local Government S.R. Maheswari Local Government in India Chapter-VII: Public Sector in India R. K. Jain Public Sector Undertakings Annual Survey on Public Sector of Department of Public Enterprises Chapter-VIII: Public Services S.L. Goel Personnel Administration in India Chapter-IX: Control of Public Expenditure M. J. K. Thavaraj Financial Administration IGNOU Lessons on Financial Administration Chapter-X: Administrative Reforms P.R. Dubbashi Administrative Reforms S. R. Maheswari Administrative Reforms Special Issue of Indian Journal of Public Administration on Administrative Reforms Chapter-XI: Machinery for Planning A. Avasthi Central Administration Chapter-XII: Administration of Law and Order K. K. Sharma Law and Order Administration in India K. J. Guha Roy, District Policing Chapter-XIII: Welfare Administration Annual Reports of Department of Social Welfare Chapter-XIV: Major Issues in Indian Administration Special Issue of Indian Journal Public Administration on Indian Administration, Retrospect and Prospect and on Good Governance.

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